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(8) The Scriptures of the Old Testament were ascribed to the Demiurge or inferior Creator of the world, who was the God of the Jews, but not the true God. The Demiurge belongs to the second kind, as he was the offspring of a union of Achamoth with matter. Psalm 82 begins (verse 1), "God stands in the assembly of El [LXX: assembly of gods], in the midst of the gods he renders judgment", indicating a plurality of gods, although it does not indicate that these gods were co-actors in creation. the motive power of all that God did, for all was made with it in mind, and it The majority of scholars tend[44] to understand Plotinus' opponents as being a Gnostic sect—certainly (specifically Sethian), several such groups were present in Alexandria and elsewhere about the Mediterranean during Plotinus' lifetime. Why Gnostic Christians Should Not Use the Rosary! [10] In this, he claimed to reveal Plato's true meaning: a doctrine he learned from Platonic tradition that did not appear outside the academy or in Plato's text. Plotinus, along with his teacher Ammonius Saccas, was the founder of Neoplatonism. Plotinus, "Against the Gnostics". To this Messiah, however, was actually united with Jesus the Saviour, Who redeemed men. The senseless jargon of the Gnostics, their plagiarism from and perversion of Plato, and their insolent arrogance (ch. It is in the system of Valentinus that the name Dēmiurgos is used, which occurs nowhere in Irenaeus except in connection with the Valentinian system; we may reasonably conclude that it was Valentinus who adopted from Platonism the use of this word. [37] According to one variant of the Valentinian system, the Demiurge is also the maker, out of the appropriate substance, of an order of spiritual beings, the devil, the prince of this world, and his angels. [citation needed]. Did the Valentinians believe in Reincarnation? the Son and the Word, and their union with one another, and simultaneously with the Father. The Christ Descended on Jesus at his Baptism, The Melchizedek Tractate Anti-Docetic Gnostic Text. Later, the Neoplatonist Iamblichus changed the role of the "One", effectively altering the role of the Demiurge as second cause or dyad, which was one of the reasons that Iamblichus and his teacher Porphyry came into conflict. Therefore, he is adorned with every name which is a representation of him, since he is characterized by every property and glorious quality. The absurdities of the Gnostic doctrine of the fall of "Wisdom" (Sophia) and of the generation and activities of the Demiurge, maker of the visible universe (chs. Because he is seem as the image of the true God and Father, Valentinians have no problem using the terms "Father" and "God" to describe him (cf. [25][36] In this most common form of Gnosticism the Demiurge had an inferior though not intrinsically evil function in the universe as the head of the animal, or psychic world. Philo had inferred from the expression "Let us make man" of the Book of Genesis that God had used other beings as assistants in the creation of man, and he explains in this way why man is capable of vice as well as virtue, ascribing the origin of the latter to God, of the former to his helpers in the work of creation.[14]. In Gnosticism, a demiurge is a lesser deity who created the material world. It appears that Plotinus attempted to clarify how the philosophers of the academy had not arrived at the same conclusions (such as dystheism or misotheism for the creator God as an answer to the problem of evil) as the targets of his criticism. Quispel writes, There is a direct link between ancient Gnosticism and Catharism. "And the Word was with God." Gnostics blame the Demiurge or Ialdabaoth, and Zoroastrianism blames the Devil, Angra-mainyu/Ahriman. The true doctrine about Universal Soul and the goodness of the universe which it forms and rules (chs. 'wisdom'), the Demiurge's mother and partial aspect of the divine Pleroma or "Fullness," desired to create something apart from the divine totality, without the receipt of divine assent. [25], In creating this world out of Chaos the Demiurge was unconsciously influenced for good; and the universe, to the surprise even of its Maker, became almost perfect. These angels are always serving the Father and creating by his will and collectively are the Demiurge of the world through whom the Father administers his will. This vilification of the creator was held to be inimical to Christianity by the early fathers of the church. According to Valentinus the Demiurge was the offspring of a union of Achamoth (he káta sophía or lower wisdom) with matter. The Cathars held that the creator of the world, Satanael, had usurped the name of God, but that he had subsequently been unmasked and told that he was not really God.[41]. But Jerusalem represents the creation or the Creator whom the Jews worship. It was not the Word who made all things, as if he were energized by another, for "through whom" means that another made them and the Word provided the energy (. 4–5). He comes from heaven, and it is said his "face flashed with fire and [his] appearance was defiled with blood". In others, including the teaching of Valentinus, the demiurge is simply ignorant or misguided. Plotinus specifically points to the Gnostic doctrine of Sophia and her emission of the Demiurge. According to Cameron Day, Jehovah plays a main role in this deception, along with every religion that uses fear as a tool for control. Plato's work Timaeus is a philosophical reconciliation of Hesiod's cosmology in his Theogony, syncretically reconciling Hesiod to Homer. Devil’s Bible facts: The 310 parchment leaves (620 pages) of the Devil’s Bible are made of vellum, from the processed skins of 160 animals, most probably donkeys. presented the hope of life to mankind (see John 1: 3-4). Criticism of the attempts to multiply the hypostasis, and especially of the idea of two intellects, one which thinks and that other which thinks that it thinks. "beginning") – the source of all things, From this we can see that the Greek words Archon and. Evangeliou, "Plotinus's Anti-Gnostic Polemic and Porphyry's Against the Christians", in Wallis & Bregman, From "Introduction to Against the Gnostics", Plotinus', Armstrong, pp. The demiurge is also[26] described as having a fiery nature, applying the words of Moses to him: "the Lord our God is a burning and consuming fire". 7–8). According to Valentinian tradition, the Demiurge is formed as an "an image of the Father"(Excepts of Theodotus 47:1-3). When it is employed by other Gnostics either it is not used in a technical sense, or its use has been borrowed from Valentinus. Plotinus criticizes his opponents for "all the novelties through which they seek to establish a philosophy of their own" which, he declares, "have been picked up outside of the truth";[43] they attempt to conceal rather than admit their indebtedness to ancient philosophy, which they have corrupted by their extraneous and misguided embellishments. The Valentinian Heracleon[39] interpreted the devil as the principle of evil, that of hyle (matter). In the Platonic, Neopythagorean, Middle Platonic, and Neoplatonic schools of philosophy, the demiurge (/ˈdɛmi.ɜːrdʒ/) is an artisan-like figure responsible for fashioning and maintaining the physical universe. However, Gilles Quispel notes: Gershom Scholem, the third genius in this field, more specifically the genius of precision, has taught us that some of us were wrong when they believed that Jaldabaoth means "son of chaos", because the Aramaic word bahutha in the sense of chaos only existed in the imagination of the author of a well-known dictionary. The word demiurge is an English word derived from demiurgus, a Latinised form of the Greek δημιουργός or dēmiurgós. https://thegodabovegod.com/how-the-archons-destroy-your-life-2 Some Gnostics identified the God of the Old Testament as the Demiurge and pit him against the God of the New Testament. Michael is the only one said to be “the archangel,” meaning “chief angel,” or “principal angel.” The term occurs in the Bible only in the singular. The Latin translation, confirmed by Hippolytus of Rome,[21] makes Irenaeus state that according to Cerinthus (who shows Ebionite influence), creation was made by a power quite separate from the Supreme God and ignorant of him. Another alternative title for the demiurge is "Saklas", Aramaic for "fool". This does not really matter because for us humans from our perspective it is the beginning of everything anyway and that’s really all we need to know and we’ll probably likely ever know anyway. The Spirit left Jesus On The Cross The Gospel of P... Jesus is Our Representative not a substitute. Sometimes he is also identified with Jao Adonai, the creator of the Hebrews. Plotinus argues of the disconnect or great barrier that is created between the nous or mind's noumenon (see Heraclitus) and the material world (phenomenon) by believing the material world is evil. The mountain represents the Devil, or his world, since the Devil was one part of the whole of matter, but the world is the total mountain of evil, a deserted dwelling place of beasts, to which all who lived before the law and all Gentiles render worship. The main character refers to the Demiurge as the entity who "fashioned and shaped" the material world. . The first name is Yaltabaoth, the second is Saklas ["fool"], and the third is Samael. the Fullness), and the things in it, were not made by the Word; they came into existence before the Word. False and melodramatic Gnostic teaching about the cosmic spheres and their influence (ch. Whereas Plato's Demiurge is good wishing good on his creation, Gnosticism contends that the Demiurge is not only the originator of evil but is evil as well. The lowest emanation was an evil god (the Demiurge) who created the material world as a prison for the divine sparks that dwell in human bodies. A similar description occurs in the Tripartite Tractate: "He is the lord of all of them, that is, the countenance which the logos brought forth in his thought as a representation of the Father of the Totalities. 14). Gospel of Thoma... Christian Gnostic Understanding of the Soul, Gnosis is to Know Thyself Gospel of Thomas Saying 3, Their Taking in Knowledge of You John 17:3. Quispel, Gilles and Van Oort, Johannes (2008), p. 143. The true Platonic other-worldliness, which love and venerates the material universe in all its goodness and beauty as the most perfect possible image of the intelligible, contracted at length with the false, Gnostic, other-worldliness which hates and despises the material universe and its beauties (chs. Gieseler believed the name was derived from the Aramaic yaldā bahuth, ילדאבהות, meaning "Son of Chaos". This tradition of creator God as nous (the manifestation of consciousness), can be validated in the works of pre-Plotinus philosophers such as Numenius, as well as a connection between Hebrew and Platonic cosmology (see also Philo).[11]. This being is considered not only blind, or ignorant of its own origins but may, in addition, be evil; its name is also found in Judaism as the Angel of Death and in Christian demonology. A demiurge is defined as the creator of the world at the beginning of the story of a set of religious myths. 9). It is a subordinate deity to the supreme deity. The Gnostic Nature of Jesus or The None Docetic Gnostic Nature of Jesus The gnosics had different views on the nature of Jesus one of those ... Why Gnostic Christians Should Not Use the Rosary! Thus, in such systems, the Demiurge acts as a solution to (or, at least possibly, the problem or cause that gives rise to)[citation needed] the problem of evil. Some pages of the Devil’s Bible are thought to have been removed, and no one knows what happened to them. In order to reconcile Aristotelian with Platonian philosophy,[5] Plotinus metaphorically identified the demiurge (or nous) within the pantheon of the Greek Gods as Zeus.[6]. The Aeon in their heart Ecclesiastes 3:11 or The Aeons Within Us  Before we begin this study we will have an opening reading from the Tripar... Did the Valentinians believe in Reincarnation? Emil Cioran also wrote his Le mauvais démiurge ("The Evil Demiurge"), published in 1969, influenced by Gnosticism and Schopenhauerian interpretation of Platonic ontology, as well as that of Plotinus. The Valentinian theory elaborates that from Achamoth (he kátō sophía or lower wisdom) three kinds of substance take their origin, the spiritual (pneumatikoí), the animal (psychikoí) and the material (hylikoí). In the Gnostic Gospels of Nag Hammadi, written in the 1 st Century, the writers warn us about the god of the Bible. Archons are part of the demiurge who basically feed off of our fear through various control systems, such as religion, government, the main stream media and money. Sophia (Greek: Σοφία, lit. In comparison with the true God he is rather "coarse" or "rough" (Excerpts of Theodotus 33:4). Posted on June 28, 2016 by John Oakes wrote in Apocrypha, Archaeology and the Bible, Church History, General, Other Religions, Q & A. Plato … The devil resides in this lower world, of which he is the prince, the Demiurge in the heavens; his mother Sophia in the middle region, above the heavens and below the Pleroma.[38]. 9). (Gr. And as Achamoth herself was only the daughter of Sophía the last of the thirty … [Jn 1:3] For the Word became the cause of the forming and origination of all the aeons that came after it. Timaeus describes the Demiurge as unreservedly benevolent, and so it desires a world as good as possible. So was the beginning. The Demiurge, isolated, did not behold his mother, nor anyone else, and concluded that only he existed, ignorant of the superior levels of reality. The Demiurge a term used once in the Bible, It should also be noted that Basildians and, Basilides: "After this, from the universal Seed and conglomeration of seed-mixture there burst for, th and came into existence the Great Ruler, the head of the sensible universe, a beauty and magnitude and potency that naught can destroy.". John D. Turner, professor of religious studies at the University of Nebraska, and famed translator and editor of the Nag Hammadi library, stated[48] that the text Plotinus and his students read was Sethian Gnosticism, which predates Christianity. The Calendar of Enoch The greatest treasure of the book of Enoch is found in chapters 72-82. There is nothing biblical about the concept of the Demiurge. The volcanic personality of the Demiurge in the Old Testament is no secret, and we cover much of it. The Demiurge is a real god, not a "false god". John 1:14. Many … On the other hand, Zeus is not a demiurge … “Without him, nothing was made” of what is in the world and the creation. But it is only the name that can be said to be specially Valentinian; the personage intended by it corresponds more or less closely with the Yaldabaoth of the Ophites, the great Archon of Basilides, the Elohim of Justinus, etc. [4], Plotinus and the later Platonists worked to clarify the Demiurge. Return to Dictionary of… 2  The same, was originally (746 ἀρχή), with God. Question: Where does the gnostic belief that the Old Testament God is the Demiurge … Their reinterpretation of Old Testament texts reflected the view that Yahweh (the God of the Jews) was not merely an inferior demiurge, as many Gnostics believed, but that he was positively evil because his … (ch. The archons are basically imposing their dominance over another person or group of people and are violating your own personal … 6). Christos Evangeliou has contended[45] that Plotinus' opponents might be better described as simply "Christian Gnostics", arguing that several of Plotinus' criticisms are as applicable to orthodox Christian doctrine as well. present participle of 757; n m; TDNT-1:488,81;  {See TDNT 102 }, AV-ruler 22, prince 11, chief 2, magistrate 1, chief ruler 1; 37, The Greek word Archon comes from another Greek word. pantheism). In Gnosticism, a demiurge is a lesser deity who created the material world. Though the former understanding certainly enjoys the greatest popularity, the identification of Plotinus' opponents as Gnostic is not without some contention. Refutation of objections from the inequalities and injustices of human life (ch. Some strains of Gnosticism, the material world, will be cast into the depths. 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